In many developing countries including Uganda, complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the leading causes of death among women of reproductive age. Almost all births in rural poor communities of Uganda still take place without a medically skilled attendant to aid the mother. These expectant mothers in rural areas mainly rely on traditional birth attendants (TBAs), who have little or no formal health care training.
There are many children suffering from malnutrition. In addition there are many other life-threatening illnesses such as diarrhoea, malaria, respiratory infections, measles and TB, that could be medically treated if those in rural areas had adequate access to healthcare facilities. Besides, poor people in rural areas have difficulty visiting health centres due to long distances and the limited availability of public transport.
Similarly health workers do not have vehicles that can be used to reach the isolated villages within their area of responsibility. As a consequence, many people die due to the absence of health workers, or people delay referring emergency cases to health centres due to limited transport options. Most malaria cases for example if addressed within the first 24 hours, can be treated easily, but waiting even a day or two can dramatically increase the severity of the illness.